Kohji Matsubayashi (松林弘治)

What the “EP” Originally Stands For, Pt. 2



Now RCA VICTOR introduces “EXTENDED PLAY 45”

source: “How to play records for money”, The Billboard, Vol.64, No.43, October 25, 1952, p.44

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Kohji Matsubayashi (松林弘治)

First commercial Direct-to-disc LPs in 1969

In 1969, “the world’s first” “commercial” “Direct-to-disc” microgroove LP records were released, from the Nippon Columbia label. The “Columbia 45rpm Direct Cutting Series” consists of six 45 rpm Direct-to-disc albums.


Columbia 45rpm Direct Cutting Series

(from inside gatefold of 45PX-2008-AX)

These wonderful set (containing superb performances in wonderful sound quality) of six records are the very first examples of Direct-to-disc LP records – many of that were produced by various labels around the world and sold mainly in the 1970s.


Please note that almost all of the 78 rpms (until mid-1940s) were Direct-to-disc records; also, during the microgroove LP years, many of the audio testing records (primarily for audiophiles etc.) were also Direct-to-discs.


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